Enhanced photocatalytic and microbial activity of bio synthesized CdO tetrahedral clogs using Hibiscus rosa sinensis leaf extract
Green extracts from plants, fruits, flowers are being explored worldwide to minimize the effect of toxic chemicals used in nanoparticles fabrication. The present work is based on the cadmium oxide nanoparticles (CdO NPs) were synthesized using Hibiscus rosa sinensis leaf extract at different volume concentration of 10 ml, 20 ml, 30 ml, 40 ml and 50 ml under bio synthesis process. The prepared samples were characterized by XRD, UV-DRS, PL, FT-IR, FE-SEM, EDX, HR-TEM analysis. The XRD pattern confirms the cubic structure with average particle size of 41.48 nm to 51.69 nm. The estimated band gap energy is found in the range 2.19 eV to 1.67 eV. Near UV and violet emission in PL spectrum leads the presence of crystal defects in CdO lattice. Presence of vibrational modes of chemical species in the samples, are characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) spectrum. The elemental compositions are detected by using energy dispersive X-Ray analysis (EDAX). The particle size and morphology with intense magnification is confirmed by FE-SEM and TEM- SAED analysis. The antibacterial and fungal activities of Hibiscus rosa sinensis leaf extract CdO nanoparticles are tested for different bacterial organisms like Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus substilis, Escherichia coli and Salmonella paratyphi and fungal organism like Candida albicans, Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus fumigates under the zone inhabitation method. The photocatalytic activities of the CdO samples on degradation of Methylene Blue azo dye under UV light irradiation are also studied.
D.Sathya Raj et.al, Impact of n-heptane as surfactant in the formation of CdO nanowires through microwave combustion, Applied Surface Science, 266 (2013) 268-271.
S.Sivakumar et.al, Synthesis, characterizations and anti-bacterial activities of pure and Ag doped CdO nanoparticles by chemical precipitation method, Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 136, Part C (2015) 1751-1759.
Payam Margan et.al, Sono-co precipitation synthesis and physicochemical characterization of CdO-ZnO nanophotocatalyst for removal of acid orange 7 from wastewater, Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 40, Part A (2018) 323-332.
Jeevitesh K et.al, Influence of sol concentration on CdO nanostructure with gas sensing application, Applied Surface Science, 409 (2017) 8-16.
K.Anandhan et.al, Synthesis, FTIR, UV–Vis and Photoluminescence characterizations of triethanolamine passivated CdO nanostructures, Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 149 (2015) 476-480.
Kezhen Qi et.al, Review on the improvement of the photocatalytic and antibacterial activities of ZnO, Journal of alloys and compounds, 727 (2017) 792-820.
S. Ambika et.al, Plant- extract mediated synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles using Pongamina pinnata and their activity against pathogenic bacteria., Advanced Powder Technology, 26 (2015) 1294-1299.
K.Kombaiah et.al, Studies on the microwave assisted and conventional combustion synthesis of Hibiscus rosa sinensis Plant extract based ZnFe2O4 nanoparticles and their optical and magnetic properties, Ceramics international, 42 (2016) 2741-2749.
Renata Dolant et.al, Biosynthesis and antibacterial activity of ZnO nanoparticles using Trifolium Pratense flower extract, Saudi journal of biological sciences, 23 (2016) 517-523.
K.Elumalai et.al, Facile, eco-friendly and template free photosynthesis of cauliflower like ZnO nanoparticles using leaf extract of Tamarindus indica (L.) and its biological evolution of antibacterial and antifungal activities, Spectrochimica Acta Part A:Moleculer and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 136 (2015) 1052-1057.
Li Fu et.al, Plectrans amboinicus leaf extract- assisted biosynthesis of ZnO nanoparticles and their photocatalytic activity, Ceramics international, 41(2015) 2492-2496.
Zhong- Yin Zhao et.al, Tribulus terrestris leaf extract assisted green synthesis and gas sensing properties of Ag- coated ZnO nanoparticles, Materials Letters 158 (2015) 274-277.
Saeed jafarirad et.al, Biofabrication of Zinc oxide nanoparticles using fruit extract of Rosa canina and their toxic potential against bacteria: A mechanistic approach, Materials Science& Engineering C, 59, (2016) 296-302.
Evi Maryanti et.al, Synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles by hydrothermal method in aqueous rinds extract of Sapindus rarak DC, Materials Letters 118 (2014) 96-98.
M.Ramesh et.al, Green synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles using Solanum nigrum leaf extract and their antibacterial activity, Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Moleculer and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 136, Part B (2015) 864-870.
Xiao Dan Sun et.al, capturing tobacco specific N-nitrosamines (TSNA) in industrial tobacco extract solution by ZnO modified activated carbon. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 222 (2016) 160-168.
F.T.Thema et.al, Green synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles via Agathosma betulina natural extract, Materials Letters 161 (2015) pages 124-127.
B.H.Patel et.al, Biosynthesis of copper nanoparticles; its characterization and efficacy against human pathogenic bacterium, Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering 4, Issue 2 (2016) 2163-2169.
A.Vishnu Kirthi, A.Abdul Rahuman, G.Rajakumar, S.Marimuthu, T.Santhoshkumar, C.Jayaseelan,G.Elango, A.Abduz Zahir, C.Kamaraj, A.Bagavan., Biosynthesis of titanium dioxide nanoparticles using bacterium Bacillus subtilis., Materials Letters 65(2011)2745-2747.
Bonnia N.N, Kamaruddin M.S, Nawawi M.H, S,Ratim, H.N Azlina, and Ali E.S., Green Biosyntheis of Silver nanoparticles Using ‘polygonum Hydropiper’ And Study Its Ctatalytic Degradation of Methylene Blue, Procedia Chemistry 19(2016) 594-602.
Mostafa M.H.Khalil, Eman H. Ismail, Fatma EI-Magdoub., Biosynthesis of Au nanoparticles using olive leaf extract, Arabian journal of chemistry(2012) 5, 431-437.
Vipin Kumar et.al, Structural, optical and electrical characterization of nanocrystalline CdO films for device applications Optik - International Journal for Light and Electron Optics, 127, Issue 10 (2016) 4254-4257.
C.C.Vidyasager et.al, Solid state synthesis and effect if temperature on optical properties of Cu-ZnO, Cu-CdO and CuO nanoparticles, Power Technology 214(2011) 337-343.
Kun Peng et.al, preparation of CdO hollow microsphere via H2O2 pre-oxidation, Materials Letters 118(2014) 180-183.
Tokker Ahamad et.al, Biosynthesis, structural characterization and antimicrobial activity of gold and silver nanoparticles, Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces107 (2013) 227-234.
Anil Kumar et.al, Review on hibiscus rosa sinensis, International journal of Research in Pharamaceutical and Biomedical sciences. ISSN: 229-3701.
Daizy Philip, Green synthesis of gold and silver nanoparticles using Hibiscus rosa sinensis, Physica E 42(2010) 1417-1424.
S. Ambika et.al, Green synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles using Vitex negundo L.extract: Spectroscopic investigation between ZnO nanoparticles and human serium albumin, Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: biology 149 (2015) 143-148.
N. Thovhogi et.al, Physical properties of CdO nanoparticles synthesized by green chemistry via Hibiscus Sabdariffa flower extract, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 655(2016) 314-320.
ShakeelAhmed et.al, A review on biogenic synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles using plant extracts and microbes: A prospect towards green chemistry, Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, 166 (2017) 272-284.
A facile method to synthesis of CdO nanoparticles from spent Ni–Cd batteries, Gholam Reza Khayati et.al, Materials Letters, 115 (2014) 272-274.
Eco-friendly synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles with different morphologies and their visible light photocatalytic performance for the degradation of Rhodamine B, Sana Akir et.al, Ceramics International, 42, Issue 8 (2016) 10259-10265.
Caralluma fimbriata extract induced green synthesis, structural, optical and photocatalytic properties of ZnO nanostructure modified with Gd Preeti Mishra et.al, Journal of Alloys and Compound, 685 (2016) 656-669.
K. Elumalai et.al, Bio-approach: Plant mediated synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles and their catalytic reduction of methylene blue and antimicrobial activity, Advanced Powder Technology., 26, Issue 6 (2015) 1639-1651.
D. Suresh et.al, Chironji mediated facile green synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles and their photoluminescence, photodegradative, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, 40 (2015) 759-765.
R. Pandimurugan et.al, Novel seaweed capped ZnO nanoparticles for effective dye photodegradation and antibacterial activity, Advanced Powder Technology. 27, Issue 4, (2016)1062-1072
Thenmozhi Karnan et.al, Biosynthesis of ZnO nanoparticles using rambutan (Nephelium lappaceumL.) peel extract and their photocatalytic activity on methyl orange dye, Journal of Molecular Structure, 1125 (2016) 358-365
A comparative study of the synthesis of CdO nanoplatelets by an albumen-assisted isothermal evaporation method, T.Prakash et.al, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 624, (2015) 258-265.
Susan Azizi et.al, Effect of annealing temperature on antimicrobial and structural properties of Bio-synthesized Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles Using Flower Extract of Anchusa Italic, Photochemistry and photobiology, 161 (2016) 441-449.
D Philip, Biosynthesis of Au, Ag and Au–Ag nanoparticles using edible mushroom extract. Spectrochim. Acta A 73, (2009) 374–381.
D Raghunandan, S Basavaraja, B Mahesh, S Balaji, SY Manjunath, A Venkataraman, Biosynthesis of stable polyshaped gold nanoparticles from microwave-exposed aqueous extracellular anti-malignant guava (Psidium guajava) leaf extract. Nano Biotechnol. 5(1–4), (2009) 34–41.
Akbar Yasmin, Kumaraswamy Ramesh and Shanmugam Rajeshkumar, Yasminetal, Optimization and stabilization of gold nanoparticles by using herbal plant extract with microwave heating, Nano Convergence 1, 12 (2014).
Kristýna Večeřová et.al, Changes of primary and secondary metabolites in barley plants exposed to CdO nanoparticles, Environmental Pollution, 218 (2016) 207-218.
K. Elumalai et.al, Facile, eco-friendly and template free photosynthesis of cauliflower like ZnO nanoparticles using leaf extract of Tamarindus indica (L.) and its biological evolution of antibacterial and antifungal activities, Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy. 136, Part B, (2015) 1052-1057.
Cao YW, Jin R, Mirkin CA. DNA modified core-shell Ag/Au nanoparticles. J Am Chem Soc 2001; 123:7961-2.
Gopi Somasundaram, jayaprakash rajan, Eﬀectual Role of Abelmoschus esculentus (Okra) Extract on Morphology, Microbial and Photocatalytic Activities of CdO Tetrahedral Clogs, J.Inorg Organomet Polym 28 (2018) 152–167.
T.Linda et.al, Fabrication and characterization of chitosan templated CdO/NiO nano composite for dye degradation, Optik, 127, Issue 20 (2016) 8287-8293.
C. Maria Magdalane et.al, Photocatalytic degradation effect of malachite green and catalytic hydrogenation by UV–illuminated CeO2/CdO multilayered nanoplatelet arrays: Investigation of antifungal and antimicrobial activities, Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, Volume 169, April 2017, 110-123.
P.Senthil Kumar et.al, CdO nanospheres: Facile synthesis and bandgap modification for the superior photocatalytic activity, Materials Letters, 151(2015) 45-48.
Copyright (c) 2022 Gopi Somasundaram, Jayaprakash Rajan
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Views: Abstract : 38 | PDF : 21