The Spraying Technology on Iraqi Agricultural Researches

  • Tajuddin A Department of Agriculture Engineering, Sri Shakthi Institute of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore-641062, Tamil Nadu, India.
  • Ramasamy S Department of Agriculture Engineering, Sri Shakthi Institute of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore-641062, Tamil Nadu, India.
Keywords: spraying processes, droplet size, nozzle, application rate

Abstract

Many of the Iraqi agricultural researches are used spraying technique to add chemical products including pesticides and growth regulators. Various studies were performed to study the effect of these substances at different concentrations to improve plant production. In order to adopt specific criteria of spraying researches and to replicate them easily, it is a necessary to mention all information related to the spraying processes and regulations for improving sprayer’s performance by increasing the amount of pesticide deposited on the target. The current study aims to survey Iraqi researches in details and analyse them randomly. Also, to highlight on the importance of information applied in spraying techniques and its relationship with improving of agricultural production. The survey showed most of these researches does not mention sufficiently the basic information, especially in the spraying or calibrating processes. These processes are important to ensure the best distribution of spraying in the field depending on type of sprayer, nozzle type, and operating pressure. Also, some of these researches do not show the application rate of pesticide and the factors affected on it, which may lead to imbalance in homogenization of the pesticide distribution. This study recommended using a power sprayer to avoid the misapplication in droplets distribution in comparison with pack back sprayers, which have a complication in the operating pressure and nozzle height regulation. Another recommendation was a necessity to select the perfect nozzle type that agrees with the global publications.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

Aktar M, Sengupta D and Chowdhury A 2009 Impact of pesticides use in agriculture: their benefits and hazards. Interdisc toxicol 2(1) 1-12

Stoytcheva M 2011 Pesticides in the modern world-pesticides use and management Janeza trdine rijeka croatia

Schick R 2008 Spray analysis and research services Wheaton, USA

Fritz B and Hoffmann C 2016 Measuring spray droplet size from agricultural nozzles using laser diffraction Journal of visualized experiments 115- e54533 1-7

Carson P and Mumford C 2002 Hazardous chemicals handbook 2nd edition British library cataloguing in publication data Woburn.

Alheidary M 2018 Effect of the operating pressure and nozzle height on droplet properties using knapsack sprayer The Iraqi journal of agricultural sciences 49(3) 360-66

Alheidary M 2019 Influence of nozzle type, working pressure, and their interaction on droplets quality using knapsack sprayer In press in the Iraqi journal of agricultural sciences in press

Shekara P, Kumar A, Balasubramani N, Chaudhary B, Baumann M, Sharma R 2016 Farmers handbook on basic agriculture Safdurjung enclave Newdlhi india.

Llop J, Gil E, llorens J, Gallart M and Balsari P 2015 Influence of air-assistance on spray application for tomato plants in greenhouses Crop protection 78 293-301

Miller P, Ellis M, Lane A, O’sullivan C and Tuck C 2011 Methods for minimising drift and off- target exposure from boom sprayer applications Aspects of applied biology 106 281-88

Published
2021-05-30
How to Cite
A, T., & S, R. (2021). The Spraying Technology on Iraqi Agricultural Researches. Frontiers in Advanced Materials Research, 3(1), 47-56. Retrieved from https://sietjournals.com/index.php/famr/article/view/116
Section
Articles



Views: Abstract : 7 | PDF : 3