Assessment of seasonal groundwater quality using CHIDAM software in Virudhunagar district of Tamil Nadu.

  • Senthilkumar M Department of Earth sciences, Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu, -608002, India, Water Research Center, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Kuwait.
  • Ganesh N Department of Earth sciences, Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu, -608002, India.
  • Chidambaram S Department of Earth sciences, Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu, -608002, India, Water Research Center, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Kuwait.
  • Thilagavathi R Department of Earth sciences, Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu, -608002, India.
  • Banajarani Panda Department of Earth sciences, Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu, -608002, India
Keywords: CHIDAM software, Virudhunagar Groundwater, Seasonal Groundwater, Hydrogeochemical


Hard rock aquifer is the most predominant in the southern peninsula exclusively in Tamil Nadu, India. Virudhunagar district is situated in the South west part of Tamil Nadu, mostly of hard rock topography. Groundwater plays a major role in this area contributing to domestic, irrigation and industrial practices. Running down of groundwater by extreme consumption and less recharge in the study area has reduced the level of groundwater. On the other hand, intensive domestic, agriculture and industrial practices impacts the quality of quality of groundwater as well. Hydro geochemistry plays an important role in evaluation of suitability of groundwater for its usage in several purposes. A total of 72 samples from North East Monsoon (NEM) and Post Monsoon (POM) has been analyzed hydrochemically. The irrigation quality parameters such as sodium adsorption ratio (SAR), %Na, Residual Sodium Carbonate (RSC), Kelley’s index and Magnesium hazard were calculated using CHIDAM software 2020 in conjunction with USSL and Doneen diagrams. During NEM, EC and TDS ranges from 273 to 5869 mg/L and 194 to 4159 mg/L and during POM is from 235 to 6850 mg/L and 233.8 to 6916 mg/L. The hydrogeochemical facies represents that Ca-HCO3 and mixed Ca-Mg-Cl facies are predominant during NEM and Na-Cl and mixed Ca-Mg-Cl are predominant during POM. The higher concentration of TDS and EC in the samples reflects the unsuitability of groundwater in both seasons.


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How to Cite
M, S.; N, G.; S, C.; R, T.; Panda, B. Assessment of Seasonal Groundwater Quality Using CHIDAM Software in Virudhunagar District of Tamil Nadu. . ijceae 2021, 3, 19-34.

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