Rainfall Uncertainty and Drought Proofing Strategies by farmers in Southern India
Droughts are a common occurrence in semi-arid areas and their frequency and intensity is expected to increase further with increasing variability in rainfall distribution. Based on a study of 120 farmers from 4 districts in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, this paper identified the range of measures farmers adopt in response to droughts. Despite significant negative externalities, farmers assign higher priority to drilling new wells rather than investing in water conservation structures or demand management strategies. Among the different strategies followed, adoption of drip irrigation and purchase of tanker water for providing life-saving irrigation to perennial crops yield the highest financial return. Expansion of micro irrigation and reuse of municipal waste water are suggested as drought mitigation strategies.
D. Ahluwalia, Drought proofing in the Indian foodgrains economy, Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 46 (1991) 111-120.
M. Gupta, V. Ravindra and A. Palrecha, Water Policy Research Highlight#04, Anand: IWMI-Tata Water Policy Program, Wastewater irrigation in Karnataka: An exploration, (2016).
Leaf Society, Unpublished draft report, Anand: IWMI-Tata Water Policy Program, Wastewater irrigation in Tamil Nadu (2016).
K. Palanisami and R. Doraisamy, ICRISAT-IWMI Karnataka Project on Enhancing water use efficiency in agriculture. Hyderabad, Baseline study reports –Tumkur, Bijapur districts (2015).
K. Palanisami and D.S. Kumar, Impact assessment of watershed development: Methodological issues and experiences, Challenges in impact assessment of watershed development. In K. Palanisami and D. Suresh kumar (Eds.), Associated Publishing Company Ltd, (2006) New Delhi.
K. Palanisami and D.S. Kumar, Draft unpublished report, Anand: IWMI-Tata Water Policy Program, Drought proofing strategies by the farmers in southern India (2017).
K. Palanisami, A. Raviraj, S. Thirumoorthi, S. Gurunathan, Dhanalakshmi and R. Shanthi, Ian Gale, David, Macdonad, Roger Calow, IIka New Man. Agumenting groundwater resources by artificial recharge, TNAU- BGS study report, (2006), Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore.
K. Palanisami, D.S. Kumar, R.P.S. Malik, S. Raman, G. Kar and K. Mohan, Managing water management research: Analysis of four decades of research and outreach programmes in India, Economic and Political Weekly, 26-27 (2015) 33-34.
A. Palrecha, D. Kapoor and T. Maladi, Wastewater irrigation in Gujarat: An exploration, Water Policy Research Highlight #30, Anand: IWMI-Tata Water Policy Program, (2012).
A. Palrecha, N. Sakhare, S. Patkar, S. Sule, S. Sebastian and M. Ramola, Wastewater irrigation in Maharashtra: An exploration, Water Policy Research Highlight #09, Anand: IWMI-Tata Water Policy Program (2016).
J.S. Samra, Review and analysis of drought monitoring, declaration and management in India, Working Paper 84, International Water Management Institute, Sri Lanka (2004).
Water Technology Centre Impact evaluation of World Bank IAMWARM project, TamilNadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore (2015).
Copyright (c) 2019 Palanisami K, Suresh Kumar D, Mohanasundari T
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Views: Abstract : 95 | PDF : 119