Hip Implant Design using Stainless Steel 316L for Enhanced Stability and Patient Comfort

  • Rajeshkumar G Department of Mechanical Engineering, PSG Institute of Technology and Applied Research, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Mohammed Nasrullah H Department of Mechanical Engineering, PSG Institute of Technology and Applied Research, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Nithesh Kanna S Department of Mechanical Engineering, PSG Institute of Technology and Applied Research, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Santhosh Kumar Department of Mechanical Engineering, PSG Institute of Technology and Applied Research, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Vignesh M Department of Mechanical Engineering, PSG Institute of Technology and Applied Research, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
Keywords: Prosthesis, Implant sterilization, Designing, Fixing, Solid Works, FEA

Abstract

In a hip replacement procedure, the damaged bone and cartilage are removed and replaced with an artificial component known as prosthesis. Despite advancements in implant sterilization, design, fixation techniques, and the introduction of robotic surgery, a persistent challenge is to identify an optimal, patient-specific hip implant that meets individual criteria. The primary objective of the proposed study was to create a highly accurate patient-specific hip implant by standardizing the existing design. The secondary objective aimed to demonstrate the superiority of a customized design over a conventional one. Geometric measurements of the hip were extracted from CT scans using MIMICS 20.0 software, and the implant design was developed using SolidWorks. Finite Element Analysis (FEA) was employed for meshing and analyzing the planned implant. Comparative research through FEA analysis indicated that a customized implant made from SSL 13 material outperformed the standard implant, showcasing its suitability for the patients studied.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

M. Merola, S. Affatato, Materials for Hip Prostheses: A Review of Wear and Loading Considerations, Materials (Basel), 12(3), (2019) 495. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12030495

J.J. Young, S.T. Skou, B.W. Koes, D.T. Grønne, E.M. Roos, The proportion of patients with hip osteoarthritis in primary care identified by differing clinical criteria: a cross-sectional study of 4699 patients, Osteoarthr CartilOpen, 2(4), (2020), 100111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocarto.2020.100111

M. Ali, E. Brogren, I. Atroshi, Assessment of novel computer software in diagnosing radiocarpal osteoarthritis on plain radiographs of patients with previous distal radius fracture, Osteoarthr Cartil Open, 2(4), (2020) 100112. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocarto.2020.100112

A. Al-Sanea, M. Eltayeb, N.N. Kumar, Simulation and Analysis of Artificial Hip Joint Using Software Modeling, International Conference on Computer, Control, Electrical, and Electronics Engineering (ICCCEEE), IEEE, Sudan. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICCCEEE.2018.8515835

F. Di Puccio, L. Mattei, Biotribology of artificial hip joints, World Journal of Orthopedics, 6 (2015) 77–94. http://dx.doi.org/10.5312/wjo.v6.i1.77

G. Bergmann, F. Graichen, A. Rohlmann, Hip joint loading during walking and running, measured in two patients, Journal of Biomechanics, 26(8), (1993) 969–990. https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9290(93)90058-M

R. Ismail, E. Saputra, M. Tauviqirrahman, A.B. Legowo, I.B. Anwar, J. Jamari, Numerical Study of Salat Movements for Total Hip Replacement Patient, Applied Mechanics and Materials, 493, (2014) 426–431. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.493.426

E. Saputra, I. Budiwan, R. Ismail, J. Jamari, E. van der Heide, Numerical simulation of artificical hip joint movement for western and japanse-style activities, Jurnal Teknologi, 66(3), (2014) 53-58.

E. Saputra, I.B. Anwar, R. Ismail, J. Jamari, E. Van Der Heide, Finite element study of contact pressure distribution on inner and outer liner in the bipolar hip prosthesis, AIP Conference Proceedings, 1725 (2016) 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4945529

T. Towijaya, R. Ismail, J. Jamari, Design of a hip prosthetic trib meter based on the salat gait cycle, AIP Conference Proceedings, 1788 (2017) 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4968324

I.B. Anwar, A. Santoso, E. Saputra, R. Ismail, J. Jamari, E. Van der Heide, Human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal cell reactions to 316L stainless steel: an in vitro study on cell viability and interleukin-6 expression, Advanced pharmaceutical bulletin, 7(2), (2017) 335. https://doi.org/10.15171/apb.2017.040

G.P. Annanto, J. Jamari, E. Saputro, A.P. Bayuseno, R. Ismail, M. Tauviqirrahman, I.B. Anwar, The effect of femoral head size on the cement mantle in the layered artificial hip joint, AIP Conference Proceedings, 2114 (2019) 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5112486

R. A. N. Al Hakim, O. Kurdi, R. Ismail, S. Nugroho, J. Jamari, D.F. Fitriyana, M. Tauviqirrahman & A.P. Bayuseno, Mechanical Properties of Aisi 316L for Artificial Hip Joint Materials Made by Investment Casting. International Journal of Advanced Research in Engineering and Technology, 11(6), (2020) 175-183.

F. Di Puccio, L. Mattei, Biotribology of artificial hip joints, World Journal of Orthopedics, 6(1), (2015) 77-94. http://dx.doi.org/10.5312/wjo.v6.i1.77

I. Anwar, E. Saputra, J. Jamari, E. Van Der Heide, Preliminary Study on the Biocompatibility of Stainless Steel 316L and UHMWPE Material, Advanced Materials Research, 1123, (2015) 160–163. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.1123.160

M. Catauro, F. Papale, L. Sapio, S. Naviglio, Biological influence of Ca/P ratio on calcium phosphate coatings by sol-gel processing, Materials Science and Engineering: C, 65 (2016) 188–193. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msec.2016.03.110

A. Fonseca-García, J. Pérez-Alvarez, C.C. Barrera, J.C. Medina, A. Almaguer-Flores, R.B. Sánchez, S.E. Rodil, The effect of simulated inflammatory conditions on the surface properties of titanium and stainless steel and their importance as biomaterials, Materials Science and Engineering: C, 66, (2016) 119-129. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msec.2016.04.035

M. Vaverka, T. Návrat, M. Vrbka, Z. Florian, V. Fuis, Stress and strain analysis of the hip joint using FEM, Technology and Health Care, 14(4-5), (2006) 271-279. https://doi.org/10.3233/THC-2006-144-510

F. Bachtar, X. Chen, T. Hisada, Finite element contact analysis of the hip joint, Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, 44, (2006) 643–651. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11517-006-0074-9

D.J. Rapperport, D.R. Carter, D.J. Schurman, Contact Finite Element Stress Analysis of the Hip Joint and the Acetabular Region, Current Interdisciplinary Research, 102, (1985) 427–432. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-7432-9_61

K. Colic, A. Sedmak, A. Grbovic, U. Tatic, S. Sedmak, B. Djordjevic, Finite element modeling of hip implant static loading, Procedia Engineering, 149, (2016) 257-262. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2016.06.664

ASTM, Standard Practice for Finite Element Analysis ( FEA ) of NonModular Metallic Orthopaedic Hip Femoral Stems, ASTM Int Conshohocken, 22 (2013) 1–11.

Han, C.H. (2007). International electrotechnical commission, Electric Engineers Magazine, 29-34.

K.N. Chethan, M. Zuber, S. Shenoy, C.R. Kini, Static structural analysis of different stem designs used in total hip arthroplasty using finite element method, Heliyon, 5(6), (2019) e01767. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e01767

Published
2024-04-08
How to Cite
(1)
G, R.; H, M. N.; S, N. K.; Kumar, S.; M, V. Hip Implant Design Using Stainless Steel 316L for Enhanced Stability and Patient Comfort. ijceae 2024, 5, 42-51.
Section
Articles



Views: Abstract : 10 | PDF : 3

Plum Analytics