Assessment of Radon in groundwater and associated human risk from Sankarabarani River Sub Basin, Southern India

  • Rajesh Kanna R a Department of Earth Sciences, School of Physical, Chemical and Applied Sciences, Pondicherry University, Puducherry- 605 014, India
  • Srinivasamoorthy K Department of Earth Sciences, School of Physical, Chemical and Applied Sciences, Pondicherry University, Puducherry- 605 014, India
  • Ponnumani G Department of Earth Sciences, School of Physical, Chemical and Applied Sciences, Pondicherry University, Puducherry- 605 014, India
  • Gopinath S Department of Earth Sciences, School of Physical, Chemical and Applied Sciences, Pondicherry University, Puducherry- 605 014, India
  • Prakash R Department of Earth Sciences, School of Physical, Chemical and Applied Sciences, Pondicherry University, Puducherry- 605 014, India
Keywords: Ground water, sankarabarani river, Radon, ingestion and inhalation, uranium solubility

Abstract

Radon (222Rn) and associated human risk assessment in groundwater from quaternary shallow aquifers of Sankarabarani River sub basin, Southern India has been attempted by considering 41 groundwater samples and analysed for 222Rn using scintillation Radon monitoring system. The Radon ranges between 0.140±0.01 Bq l-1 to 7.869±0.33 Bq l-1 with an average of 1.797±0.12Bq l-1 and found to be within the maximum contamination level of Environmental Protection Agency (11.1 Bq l-1). The doses of ingestion and inhalation calculated for radon varies between 0.709 µSv y-1 to 39.933µSv y-1 with an average of 9.121µSv y-1which is within the prescribed dose limit of 100µSv y-1 by World Health Organisation. Uranium speciation attempted suggests saturated Haiweeite and Soddyite as sources for uranium/radon into the aquifer systems. The Eh-pH diagram suggests uraninite solubility within the pH ranges 6 to 8 within the groundwater environment.

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Published
2019-05-30