Certain Investigation of Real power flow control of Artificial Neural Network based Matrix converter-Unified Power Flow Controller in IEEE 14 Bus system

  • Boopalan C C. Abdul Hakeem College of Engineering & Technology, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.
  • Saravanan V. Department of EEE, Arunai Engineering College, Tiruvannamalai, Tamil Nadu India.
Keywords: MC-UPFC, FACTS, Proportional Integral derivative, Artificial Neural Network


The power consumption is rapid increased due to ASD (Adjustable Speed Drives) and automation in industries and large consumption of electricity in domestic regions increased the concern of the power quality. The quality of the power received in the Distribution system is altered because of the losses in the transmission system. The losses in the transmission system is mitigated using the FACTS (Flexible AC Transmission System)controller among these controllers UPFC (Unified Power Flow Controller) plays a vital role in controlling the shunt and series reactive powers in the bus of the power system. The conventional topology of the UPFC consists of AC-DC converter and energy stored in the DC link and DC-AC converter injected a voltage in series to the bus which as to be controlled. Whereas a new topology based on matrix converter can replace the dual converters and perform the required task. The construction of 2-bus, 7-bus and IEEE-14-bus power system is designed and modeled. MC-UPFC (Matrix Converter Based Unified Power Flow Controller) is designed and constructed. The MC-UPFC is the rich topology in the FACTS which is capable of controlling both the transmission parameters simultaneously with the switching technique of Direct power control by the smooth sliding control which gives less ripple in the injecting control parameters such as control voltage [Vc] and voltage angle [α]. By implementing MC-UPFC the real and reactive power can be controlled simultaneously and independently. The control techniques were designed based on the Proportional Integral derivative(PID) with sliding surface power control, FLC (Fuzzy Logic Controller) and ANN (Artificial Neural Network)  and  the performance of  Vc and α of the controllers are investigated. Hence the sliding surface and relevant control switching state of the MC can be controlled by the FLC which gives the robust and autonomous decision making in the selection of the appropriate switching state for the effective real power control in the power system. The work has been carried out in the MATLAB Simulink simulator which gives the finest controlling features and simple design procedures and monitoring of the output.


Metrics Loading ...


L. Gyugyi, C. D. Schauder, S. L. Williams, T. R. Rietman, D. R. Torgerson, A. Edris, The unified power flow controller: a new approach to power transmission control, IEEE Transactions on power deldivery, 10 (1995)1085-1097.

I. Papic, P. Zunko, D. Povh, M. Weinhold, Basic control of unified power flow controller. IEEE Transactions on Power systems, 12 (1997) 1734-1739.

K. R. Padiyar, A. M. Kulkarni, Control design and simulation of unified power flow controller, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, 13 (1998) 1348-1354.

H. Fujita, Y. Watanabe, H. Akagi, Control and analysis of a unified power flow controller, IEEE Transactions on power electronics, 14 (1999) 1021-1027.

H. F. Wang, Applications of modelling UPFC into multi-machine power systems, IEE Proceedings-Generation, Transmission and Distribution, 146 (1999) 306-312.

S. Arabi, P. Kundur, R. Adapa, Innovative techniques in modeling UPFC for power system analysis, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, 15 (2000) 336-341.

L. Liu, P. Zhu, Y. Kang, J. Chen, (2007) Power-flow control performance analysis of a unified power-flow controller in a novel control scheme, IEEE transactions on power delivery, 22(3), 1613-1619.

Amin Mohammadpourshotorbani, Ali Ajami, Saeed Gassem Zadeh, Mohammad Pourmahmood Aghababa, Behzad Mahboubi, IET Gener. Transm. Distrib., 2014.

J. Yuan, L. Liu, W. Fei, L. Chen, B. Chen, B. Chen, Hybrid electromagnetic unified power flow controller: A novel flexible and effective approach to control power flow, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, 33 (2016) 2061-2069.

S. Biswas, P. K. Nayak, State-of-the-art on the protection of FACTS compensated high-voltage transmission lines: a review, High voltage, 3 (2018) 21-30.

B. T. Ooi, M. Kazerani, Voltage-source matrix converter as a controller in flexible AC transmission systems, IEEE transactions on power delivery, 13 (1998) 247-253.

Patrick Wheeler, Jon Clare, Lee Empringham, Maurice Apap, Michael Bland, Matrix Converters, Power Engineering Journal, December 2002.

R. K. Gupta, K. K. Mohapatra, A. Somani, N. Mohan, (2010) Direct-matrix-converter-based drive for a three-phase open-end-winding ac machine with advanced features, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 57 (2010) 4032-4042.

Atif Iqbal, SK Moin Ahmed, Haitham Abu-Rub, Space Vector PWM Technique for Tree-to-Five-Phase Matrix Converter, IEEE Transaction On Industry Application, 48 (2012) 697-707.

M. Díaz, R. Cárdenas, F. Rojas, J. Clare, (2014) 3-Phase 4-wire matrix converter-based voltage sag/swell generator to test low-voltage ride through in wind energy conversion systems, IET Power Electronics, 7 (2014) 3116-3125.

M. Ali, A. Iqbal, M. R. Khan, M. Ayyub, M. A. Anees, Generalized Theory and Analysis of Scalar Modulation Techniques for a $ m {;times;} n $ Matrix Converter, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 32 (2016) 4864-4877.

Y. Sun, W. Xiong, M. Su, X. Li, H. Dan, J. Yang, (2015) Carrier-based modulation strategies for multimodular matrix converters, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 63 (2015) 1350-1361.

A. Dasgupta, P. Tripathy, P. S. Sensarma, (2007) Matrix converter as UPFC for transmission line compensation, In 2007 7th Internatonal Conference on Power Electronics, IEEE, 1050-1055.

J. Monteiro, J. F. Silva, S. F. Pinto, J. Palma, (2010) Matrix converter-based unified power-flow controllers: Advanced direct power control method, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, 26 (2010) 420-430.

J. Monteiro, J. F. Silva, S. F. Pinto, J. Palma, Linear and sliding-mode control design for matrix converter-based unified power flow controllers, IEEE Transactions on Power electronics, 29 (2013) 3357-3367.

Felipe Villarroel, Jose R, Espinoza, Christian A. Rojas, Jose Rodriguez, Marco Rivera, Daniel Sabrbaro, (2013) Multi objective Switching State Selector for Finite-States Model Predictive Control Based on Fuzzy Decision Making in a Matrix Converter, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, IEEE, 60 (2013) 589-599.

D. S. Vidhya, T. Venkatesan, (2017) Quasi-Z-source indirect matrix converter fed induction motor drive for flow control of dye in paper mill, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 33 (2017) 1476-1486.

D. Menniti, A. Pinnarelli, N. Sorrentino, (2000) A novel fuzzy logic controller for UPFC, In PowerCon 2000, 2000 International Conference on Power System Technology, Proceedings (Cat. No. 00EX409), IEEE, 2 (2000) 691-696.

M. E. A. Farrag, G. A. Putrus, L. Ran, (2002) Design of fuzzy based-rules control system for the unified power flow controller, In IEEE 2002 28th Annual Conference of the Industrial Electronics Society, IECON, IEEE, 02 (2002) 2102-2107.

A. Tang, Y. Yuan, S. Cheng, (2008) The study of fuzzy-logic self-adaptive controller for UPFC, In 2008 Chinese Control and Decision Conference, IEEE, 211-215.

C. E. Prasad, S. Vadhera, (2015) Damping of sub synchronous resonance using fuzzy based PI controlled UPFC, In 2015 IEEE International Conference on Signal Processing, Informatics, Communication and Energy Systems (SPICES), IEEE, 1-5.

R. Kumar, M. Kumar, (2015) Improvement power system stability using Unified Power Flow Controller based on hybrid Fuzzy Logic-PID tuning In SMIB system, In 2015 International Conference on Green Computing and Internet of Things (ICGCIoT), IEEE, 815-819.

A. Mohanty, S. Patra, P. K. Ray, (2016) Robust fuzzy-sliding mode based UPFC controller for transient stability analysis in autonomous wind-diesel-PV hybrid system, IET Generation, Transmission and Distribution, 10 (2016) 1248-1257.

F. M. Albatsh, S. Mekhilef, S. Ahmad, H. Mokhlis, (2017) Fuzzy-logic-based UPFC and laboratory prototype validation for dynamic power flow control in transmission lines, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 64 (2017) 9538-9548.

How to Cite
C, B., & V., S. (2020). Certain Investigation of Real power flow control of Artificial Neural Network based Matrix converter-Unified Power Flow Controller in IEEE 14 Bus system. International Journal of Computer Communication and Informatics, 2(2), 54-81. https://doi.org/10.34256/ijcci2026

Views: Abstract : 24 | PDF : 10

Plum Analytics